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Từ vựng chuyên ngành kế toán

Bài gửi  Admin on Wed Apr 04, 2012 5:21 pm

1 资产 assets
11~ 12 流动资产 current assets
111 现金及约当现金 cash and cash equivalents
1111 库存现金 cash on hand
1112 零用金/周转金 petty cash/revolving funds
1113 银行存款 cash in banks
1116 在途现金 cash in transit
1117 约当现金 cash equivalents
1118 其它现金及 约当现金 other cash and cash equivalents
112 短期投资 short-term investment
1121 短期投资 -股票 short-term investments - stock
1122 短期投资 -短期票券 short-term investments - short-term notes and bills
1123 短期投资 -政府债券 short-term investments - government bonds
1124 短期投资 -受益凭证 short-term investments - beneficiary certificates
1125 短期投资 -公司债 short-term investments - corporate bonds
1128 短期投资 -其它 short-term investments - other
1129 备抵短期投资跌价损失 allowance for reduction of short-term investment to market
113 应收票据 notes receivable
1131 应收票据 notes receivable
1132 应收票据贴现 discounted notes receivable
1137 应收票据 -关系人 notes receivable - related parties
1138 其它应收票据 other notes receivable
1139 备抵呆帐 -应收票据 allowance for uncollec- tible accounts- notes receivable
114 应收帐款 accounts receivable
1141 应收帐款 accounts receivable
1142 应收分期帐款 installment accounts receivable
1147 应收帐款 -关系人 accounts receivable - related parties
1149 备抵呆帐 -应收帐款 allowance for uncollec- tible accounts - accounts receivable
118 其它应收款 other receivables
1181 应收出售远汇款 forward exchange contract receivable
1182 应收远汇款 -外币 forward exchange contract receivable - foreign currencies
1183 买卖远汇折价 discount on forward ex-change contract
1184 应收收益 earned revenue receivable
1185 应收退税款 income tax refund receivable
1187 其它应收款 - 关系人 other receivables - related parties
1188 其它应收款 - 其它 other receivables - other
1189 备抵呆帐 - 其它应收款 allowance for uncollec- tible accounts - other receivables
121~122 存货 inventories
1211 商品存货 merchandise inventory
1212 寄销商品 consigned goods
1213 在途商品 goods in transit
1219 备抵存货跌价损失 allowance for reduction of inventory to market
1221 制成品 finished goods
1222 寄销制成品 consigned finished goods
1223 副产品 by-products
1224 在制品 work in process
1225 委外加工 work in process - outsourced
1226 原料 raw materials
1227 物料 supplies
1228 在途原物料 materials and supplies in transit
1229 备抵存货跌价损失 allowance for reduction of inventory to market
125 预付费用 prepaid expenses
1251 预付薪资 prepaid payroll
1252 预付租金 prepaid rents
1253 预付保险费 prepaid insurance
1254 用品盘存 office supplies
1255 预付所得税 prepaid income tax
1258 其它预付费用 other prepaid expenses
126 预付款项 prepayments
1261 预付货款 prepayment for purchases
1268 其它预付款项 other prepayments
128~129 其它流动资产 other current assets
1281 进项税额 VAT paid ( or input tax)
1282 留抵税额 excess VAT paid (or overpaid VAT)
1283 暂付款 temporary payments
1284 代付款 payment on behalf of others
1285 员工借支 advances to employees
1286 存出保证金 refundable deposits
1287 受限制存款 certificate of deposit-restricted
1291 递延所得税资产 deferred income tax assets
1292 递延兑换损失 deferred foreign exchange losses
1293 业主(股东)往来 owners(stockholders) current account
1294 同业往来 current account with others
1298 其它流动资产-其它 other current assets - other
13 基金及长期投资 funds and long-term investments
131 基金 funds
1311 偿债基金 redemption fund (or sinking fund)
1312 改良及扩充基金 fund for improvement and expansion
1313 意外损失准备基金 contingency fund
1314 退休基金 pension fund
1318 其它基金 other funds
132 长期投资 long-term investments
1321 长期股权投资 long-term equity investments
1322 长期债券投资 long-term bond investments
1323 长期不动产投资 long-term real estate in-vestments
1324 人寿保险现金解约价值 cash surrender value of life insurance
1328 其它长期投资 other long-term investments
1329 备抵长期投资跌价损失 allowance for excess of cost over market value of long-term investments
14~ 15 固定资产 property , plant, and equipment
141 土地 land
1411 土地 land
1418 土地-重估增值 land - revaluation increments
142 土地改良物 land improvements
1421 土地改良物 land improvements
1428 土地改良物 -重估增值 land improvements - revaluation increments
1429 累积折旧 -土地改良物 accumulated depreciation - land improvements
143 房屋及建物 buildings
1431 房屋及建物 buildings
1438 房屋及建物 -重估增值 buildings -revaluation increments
1439 累积折旧 -房屋及建物 accumulated depreciation - buildings
144~146 机(器)具及设备 machinery and equipment
1441 机(器)具 machinery
1448 机(器)具 -重估增值 machinery - revaluation increments
1449 累积折旧 -机(器)具 accumulated depreciation - machinery
151 租赁资产 leased assets
1511 租赁资产 leased assets
1519 累积折旧 -租赁资产 accumulated depreciation - leased assets
152 租赁权益改良 leasehold improvements
1521 租赁权益改良 leasehold improvements
1529 累积折旧- 租赁权益改良 accumulated depreciation - leasehold improvements
156 未完工程及预付购置设备款 construction in progress and prepayments for equipment
1561 未完工程 construction in progress
1562 预付购置设备款 prepayment for equipment
158 杂项固定资产 miscellaneous property, plant, and equipment
1581 杂项固定资产 miscellaneous property, plant, and equipment
1588 杂项固定资产-重估增值 miscellaneous property, plant, and equipment - revaluation increments
1589 累积折旧- 杂项固定资产 accumulated depreciation - miscellaneous property, plant, and equipment
16 递耗资产 depletable assets
161 递耗资产 depletable assets
1611 天然资源 natural resources
1618 天然资源 -重估增值 natural resources -revaluation increments
1619 累积折耗 -天然资源 accumulated depletion - natural resources
17 无形资产 intangible assets
171 商标权 trademarks
1711 商标权 trademarks
172 专利权 patents
1721 专利权 patents
173 特许权 franchise
1731 特许权 franchise
174 著作权 copyright
1741 著作权 copyright
175 计算机软件 computer software
1751 计算机软件 computer software cost
176 商誉 goodwill
1761 商誉 goodwill
177 开办费 organization costs
1771 开办费 organization costs
178 其它无形资产 other intangibles
1781 递延退休金成本 deferred pension costs
1782 租赁权益改良 leasehold improvements
1788 其它无形资产-其它 other intangible assets - other

18 其它资产 other assets
181 递延资产 deferred assets
1811 债券发行成本 deferred bond issuance costs
1812 长期预付租金 long-term prepaid rent
1813 长期预付保险费 long-term prepaid insurance
1814 递延所得税资产 deferred income tax assets
1815 预付退休金 prepaid pension cost
1818 其它递延资产 other deferred assets
182 闲置资产 idle assets
1821 闲置资产 idle assets
184 长期应收票据及款项与催收帐款 long-term notes , accounts and overdue receivables
1841 长期应收票据 long-term notes receivable
1842 长期应收帐款 long-term accounts receivable
1843 催收帐款 overdue receivables
1847 长期应收票据及款项与催收帐款-关系人 long-term notes, accounts and overdue receivables- related parties
1848 其它长期应收款项 other long-term receivables
1849 备抵呆帐-长期应收票据及款项与催收帐款 allowance for uncollectible accounts - long-term notes, accounts and overdue receivables
185 出租资产 assets leased to others
1851 出租资产 assets leased to others
1858 出租资产 -重估增值 assets leased to others - incremental value from revaluation
1859 累积折旧 -出租资产 accumulated depreciation - assets leased to others
186 存出保证金 refundable deposit
1861 存出保证金 refundable deposits
188 杂项资产 miscellaneous assets
1881 受限制存款 certificate of deposit - restricted
1888 杂项资产 -其它 miscellaneous assets - other


21~ 22 流动负债 current liabilities
211 短期借款 short-term borrowings(debt)
2111 银行透支 bank overdraft
2112 银行借款 bank loan
2114 短期借款 -业主 short-term borrowings - owners
2115 短期借款 -员工 short-term borrowings - employees
2117 短期借款 -关系人 short-term borrowings- related parties
2118 短期借款 -其它 short-term borrowings - other
212 应付短期票券 short-term notes and bills payable
2121 应付商业本票 commercial paper payable
2122 银行承兑汇票 bank acceptance
2128 其它应付短期票券 other short-term notes and bills payable
2129 应付短期票券折价 discount on short-term notes and bills payable
213 应付票据 notes payable
2131 应付票据 notes payable
2137 应付票据 -关系人 notes payable - related parties
2138 其它应付票据 other notes payable
214 应付帐款 accounts pay able
2141 应付帐款 accounts payable
2147 应付帐款 -关系人 accounts payable - related parties
216 应付所得税 income taxes payable
2161 应付所得税 income tax payable
217 应付费用 accrued expenses
2171 应付薪工 accrued payroll
2172 应付租金 accrued rent payable
2173 应付利息 accrued interest payable
2174 应付营业税 accrued VAT payable
2175 应付税捐 -其它 accrued taxes payable- other
2178 其它应付费用 other accrued expenses payable
218~219 其它应付款 other payables
2181 应付购入远汇款 forward exchange contract payable
2182 应付远汇款 -外币 forward exchange contract payable - foreign currencies
2183 买卖远汇溢价 premium on forward exchange contract
2184 应付土地房屋款 payables on land and building purchased
2185 应付设备款 Payables on equipment
2187 其它应付款 -关系人 other payables - related parties
2191 应付股利 dividend payable
2192 应付红利 bonus payable
2193 应付董监事酬劳 compensation payable to directors and supervisors
2198 其它应付款 -其它 other payables - other
226 预收款项advance receipts
2261 预收货款 sales revenue received in advance
2262 预收收入 revenue received in advance
2268 其它预收款 other advance receipts
227 一年或一营业周期内到期长期负债 long-term liabilities -current portion
2271 一年或一营业周期内到期公司债 corporate bonds payable - current portion
2272 一年或一营业周期内到期长期借款 long-term loans payable - current portion
2273 一年或一营业周期内到期长期应付票据及款项 long-term notes and accounts payable due within one year or one operating cycle
2277 一年或一营业周期内到期长期应付票据及款项-关系人 long-term notes and accounts payables to related parties - current portion
2278 其它一年或一营业周期内到期长期负债 other long-term lia- bilities - current portion
228~229 其它流动负债 other current liabilities
2281 销项税额 VAT received(or output tax)
2283 暂收款 temporary receipts
2284 代收款 receipts under custody
2285 估计售后服务/保固负债 estimated warranty liabilities
2291 递延所得税负债 deferred income tax liabilities
2292 递延兑换利益 deferred foreign exchange gain
2293 业主(股东)往来 owners current account
2294 同业往来 current account with others
2298 其它流动负债-其它 other current liabilities - others
23 长期负债 long-term liabilities
231 应付公司债 corporate bonds payable
2311 应付公司债 corporate bonds payable
2319 应付公司债溢(折)价 premium(discount) on corporate bonds payable
232 长期借款 long-term loans payable
2321 长期银行借款 long-term loans payable - bank
2324 长期借款 -业主 long-term loans payable - owners
2325 长期借款 -员工 long-term loans payable - employees
2327 长期借款 -关系人 long-term loans payable - related parties
2328 长期借款 -其它 long-term loans payable - other
233 长期应付票据及款项 long-term notes and accounts payable
2331 长期应付票据 long-term notes payable
2332 长期应付帐款 long-term accounts pay-able
2333 长期应付租赁负债 long-term capital lease liabilities
2337 长期应付票据及款项 -关系人 Long-term notes and accounts payable - related parties
2338 其它长期应付款项 other long-term payables
234 估计应付土地增值税 accrued liabilities for land value increment tax
2341 估计应付土地增值税 estimated accrued land value incremental tax pay-able
235 应计退休金负债 accrued pension liabilities
2351 应计退休金负债 accrued pension liabilities
238 其它长期负债 other long-term liabilities
2388 其它长期负债-其它 other long-term liabilities - other
28 其它负债 other liabilities
281 递延负债 deferred liabilities
2811 递延收入 deferred revenue
2814 递延所得税负债 deferred income tax liabilities
2818 其它递延负债 other deferred liabilities
286 存入保证金 deposits received
2861 存入保证金 guarantee deposit received
288 杂项负债 miscellaneous liabilities
2888 杂项负债 -其它 miscellaneous liabilities - other



营业成本 operating costs
51 销货成本 cost of goods sold
511 销货成本 cost of goods sold
5111 销货成本 cost of goods sold
5112 分期付款销货成本 installment cost of goods sold
512 进货 purchases
5121 进货 purchases
5122 进货费用 purchase expenses
5123 进货退出 purchase returns
5124 进货折让 charges on purchased merchandise
513 进料 materials purchased
5131 进料 material purchased
5132 进料费用 charges on purchased material
5133 进料退出 material purchase returns
5134 进料折让 material purchase allowances
514 直接人工 direct labor
5141 直接人工 direct labor
515~518 制造费用 manufacturing overhead
5151 间接人工 indirect labor
5152 租金支出 rent expense, rent
5153 文具用品 office supplies (expense)
5154 旅费 travelling expense, travel
5155 运费 shipping expenses, freight
5156 邮电费 postage (expenses)
5157 修缮费 repair(s) and maintenance (expense )
5158 包装费 packing expenses
5161 水电瓦斯费 utilities (expense)
5162 保险费 insurance (expense)
5163 加工费 manufacturing overhead - outsourced
5166 税捐 taxes
5168 折旧 depreciation expense
5169 各项耗竭及摊提 various amortization
5172 伙食费 meal (expenses)
5173 职工福利 employee benefits/welfare
5176 训练费 training (expense)
5177 间接材料 indirect materials
5188 其它制造费用 other manufacturing expenses
56 劳务成本制 ervice costs
561 劳务成本 service costs
5611 劳务成本 service costs
57 业务成本 gency costs
571 业务成本 agency costs
5711 业务成本 agency costs
58 其它营业成本 other operating costs
588 其它营业成本-其它 other operating costs-other
5888 其它营业成本-其它 other operating costs - other

6 营业费用 operating expenses
61 推销费用 selling expenses
615~618 推销费用 selling expenses
6151 薪资支出 payroll expense
6152 租金支出 rent expense, rent
6153 文具用品 office supplies (expense)
6154 旅费 travelling expense, travel
6155 运费 shipping expenses, freight
6156 邮电费 postage (expenses)
6157 修缮费 repair(s) and maintenance (expense)
6159 广告费 advertisement expense, advertisement
6161 水电瓦斯费 utilities (expense)
6162 保险费 insurance (expense)
6164 交际费 entertainment (expense)
6165 捐赠 donation (expense)
6166 税捐 taxes
6167 呆帐损失 loss on uncollectible accounts
6168 折旧 depreciation expense
6169 各项耗竭及摊提 various amortization
6172 伙食费 meal (expenses)
6173 职工福利 employee benefits/welfare
6175 佣金支出 commission (expense)
6176 训练费 training (expense)
6188 其它推销费用 other selling expenses
62 管理及总务费用 general & administrative expenses
625~628 管理及总务费用 general & administrative expenses
6251 薪资支出 payroll expense
6252 租金支出 rent expense, rent
6253 文具用品 office supplies
6254 旅费 travelling expense, travel
6255 运费 shipping expenses,freight
6256 邮电费 postage (expenses)



92 非常损益 extraordinary gain or loss
921 非常损益 extraordinary gain or loss
9211 非常损益 extraordinary gain or loss
93 会计原则变动累积影响数 cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles
931 会计原则变动累积影响数 cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles
9311 会计原则变动累积影响数 cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles
94 少数股权净利 minority interest income
941 少数股权净利 minority interest income
9411 少数股权净利 minority interest income

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